Urban Livelihoods: A People-centred Approach to Reducing Poverty

Front Cover
Earthscan, 2002 - 306 pages
One of the most promising approaches to poverty reduction in developing countries is to encourage sustainable livelihoods for the poor. This takes account of their opportunities and assets and the sources of their vulnerability. Based on recent and extensive research, this volume thoroughly assesses the value of the livelihoods approach to urban poverty. The book reviews the situation and strategies of the urban poor and identifies the policies and practical programmes that work best. Lasting improvements depend not just on economic development, but on political commitment and structures that are responsive to the claims and needs of different groups of poor people.
 

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Contents

Economic Development Urbanization and Poverty
23
STRATEGIES OF POOR PEOPLE
35
Seeking an Understanding of Poverty that Recognizes Rural
52
Living in the Present Investing in the Future Household Security
71
LIVELIHOODS ANALYSIS
88
Municipal Government Urban Economic Growth and Poverty
96
Support for Livelihood Strategies
112
Social Capital Local Networks and Community Development
133
Spatial Planning Access and Infrastructure
188
Urban Livelihoods Issues for Urban Governance and Management205
205
LESSONS
222
The Jamaica Urban Poverty Project
237
Strengthening Urban Livelihoods in Zambia PUSH II
247
Lessons from the Experience of Some Urban Povertyreduction
257
CONCLUSIONS
270
Conclusions
288

Tenure and Shelter in Urban Livelihoods
151
Health Health Services and Environmental Health
165
Infrastructure and Environmental Health Services
180

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