Tanzania: Social Sector Review
"Huge sums have been spent on water and sanitation services in Tanzania, but much of that investment is standing idle in the country, producing little or no water for the intended beneficiaries. A major question is whether any of the investment can be salvaged to reduce the burden of water gathering on the population." - From 'Tanzania: Social Sector Review' Tanzania's social indicators remain among the poorest in the world. This report describes the trends in the social sectors and analyzes the factors that influence these trends. These trends include the performance of the economy, government social sector spending and policy, household behavior and incomes, and demographic trends. Findings from the surveys and case studies are synthesized to provide a comprehensive picture of the demand for and supply of education, health, water and sanitation, nutrition, and family planning services. The report discusses the situation and trends in the social sector and identifies ways that the government, the private sector, and households can use their respective resources most effectively.
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approximately average benefits better-off households birth breastfeeding budget child collecting water contraceptive countries Dar es Salaam dispensaries distribution district drugs education in Tanzania enrollment rates estimated Expenditure Quintile family planning services fertility funds girls government health Government of Tanzania growth health centers health facilities health sector health services higher hospitals Household Expenditures households spend HRDS human capital implementation improved water income increase inputs investments mainland million Ministry modern contraceptive mortality nutrition opportunity cost parents percent of households pit latrines poor population primary education primary school private schools rate of return recurrent regional responsible rural areas rural households Salaam secondary education secondary schools social sectors social services Strategy subsidies survey Table TDHS teachers UNICEF urban areas water and sanitation water sources water supply water systems Willingness to Pay women World Bank Zanzibar
Page 141 - If you could go back to the time you did not have any children and could choose exactly the number of children to have in your whole life, how many would that be?
Page 10 - Message 1: Basic education is fundamental to Tanzania's efforts to speed up economic growth and distribute the benefits of growth widely throughout the society. Basic education is a catalyst that increases the impact of other investments in health, nutrition, family planning, and water. Message 2: Women in Tanzania are the primary agents of human capital investment. The litmus test of an effective social investment is whether it improves the ability of women to carry out this task. One of the recommendations...
Page 135 - In the analysis of the effects of high-risk fertility behaviour on child survival, a mother is classified as "too young" if she is less than 1 8 years of age, and "too old" if she is over 34 years of age at the time of delivery. A "short birth interval" is defined as a birth occurring less than 24 months after the previous birth, and a child is of "high birth order...
Page 110 - African countries, the average life expectancy at birth is estimated at 47 years, seven years less than it would have been in the absence of AIDS.
Page 38 - However, this report is not intended to be a comprehensive review of all aspects of each element within the social sectors.
Page 167 - Developing Sustainable Community Water Systems" US$3,150.00 6 Months Dr. AS Kauzeni is Director of the Institute of Resource Assessment at the University of Dar Es Salaam. In January 1989, ADF published a document entitled, "Developing Sustainable Community Water Supply Systems.
Page 163 - Stage 1 involves the removal of excreta and wastewater from the household's living space. In the course of solving their own individual sanitation problems, households often impose costs on their neighbors by discharging untreated human wastes and wastewater from their property onto streets and other public property. This creates the setting for Stage 2: neighborhood collection of household wastewater.
Page 43 - Data for thirteen African countries between 1975 and 1985 show that a 10 percent increase in female literacy rates reduced child mortality by 10 percent, whereas changes in male literacy had little influence.
Page 10 - Review is a product of the Government of Tanzania and The World Bank, plus experts and other interested parties from Tanzania, NGOs, and other bilateral and multilateral donors.