History and Development of Education in Tanzania

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African Books Collective, 2009 - Education - 248 pages
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In History and Development of Education in Tanzania, Prof. Philemon A.K. Mushi, examines the historical development of education in Tanzania, from the pre-colonial to post-independence periods, delineating the economic and social context which shaped and helped to define the origins of various education reforms in formal and non-formal education and their developments in Tanzania beyond 1990. The book has attempted to uncover the underlying context with which the various education reforms were conceived and originated. At the same time, analysis of the current provision of education has been made to determine the challenges facing education provision in the country.
 

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Contents

Economic and Social Context of Education Provision
3
EDUCATION PROVISION BEFORE INDEPENDENCE
27
Indigenous African Education
29
The Purpose of Education
32
The Scope of Education and Modes of Transmission
33
Characteristics of Indigenous Education
36
The Impact of Indigenous Education
40
Emphasis on Functionality
46
Eradication of Functional Illiteracy from 1976 to 1986
145
Impact of the Literacy Campaign
149
Education for Workers
154
Workers Education Programmes
160
Workers Expectations
164
Workers Education and Participation
165
Folk Development Colleges FDC
168
Conclusion
177

Conclusion
49
References
51
The Beginning and Impact of Islamic and Christian Education
53
Education Under Christian Missions
56
Conclusion
63
References
65
Colonial Education
66
The Policy of Indirect Rule 19191961
72
The Impact of Colonial Education
81
Conclusion
88
References
89
EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENTS IN THE POSTINDEPENDENCE PERIOD
91
Early PostIndependence Developments
93
Educational Reforms and Developments
98
Adult and Nonformal Education
101
Conclusion
106
References
108
The Arusha Declaration and Education for SelfReliance
109
Policy Directives on Education
111
Philosophical Implications and Imperatives
114
Implications for Adult and NonFormal Education
115
Conclusion
124
References
125
Educational Developments Between 1970 and 1980
126
Musoma Resolutions
128
Adult and NonFormal Education
134
Eradication of Functional Illiteracy from 19711975
135
References
180
EDUCATION IN THE CONTEXT OF LIBERALIZED ECONOMY AND GLOBALIZATION
183
Education and Structural Adjustment Policies
185
Educational Reforms Resulting from the Policy
189
Adult and Nonformal Education
193
The Impact of Privatization and Liberalization
195
Conclusion
196
References
197
Challenges of Education for Youths and Adults
198
Rationale for Education for All EFA
199
Conception and Goals of EFA
201
Implications of Education for Development
203
Educational Challenges and Concerns
205
Conclusion
211
References
213
Alternative Approaches to Formal and NonFormal Education
214
AENFE Programmes
217
COBET Programme
226
ACCESS Programme
229
BEF Programme
231
Open and Distance Learning Programmes
239
Moshi Cooperative Education Centre CEC
240
Open University of Tanzania OUT
242
Other Distance Learning Support Programmes
244
Conclusion
245
References
248
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